Architecture of Gujarat
Architecture is perhaps only form of human endeavor, which provides an
insight into man's ceaseless efforts at perfection, his attempt to express
himself, his environment, his attitude towards life, his society and
aesthetic sense. Literally, the whole length and breadth of Gujarat is
dotted with ancient Buddhist, Jain, Hindu and Muslim monuments. The
architectured thoughts involved in these monuments reflect the great
heritage of Gujarat arts and culture.
Today Ahmedabad witnesses many buildings, which could be termed as a few of
the finest example of modern architecture. It was the architecture of repute
like Le Corbusier, Charles Correa and Louis Kahn, who has greatly
contributed towards modern architecture in Gujarat.
The various creations by these three architects are testimony to the fact
that they have been able to express individual, social and religious
traditions and values.
Le Corbusier used enough concrete and brick in these works infusing them
with a tactile sense of space and a magical height. His Indian and religious
building combined cosmic and archaic themes, while his domestic designs were
'on the knife-edge of presentation'.
Kahn nature works used light geometry, construction and an intense
abstraction to touch a timeless dimension.
The basic philosophy of Charles Correa in planning the buildings, the
architect has tried to give long corridors and wide arches, which provide
shades and ventilation. One of the specimen of the buildings can be seen at
Gandhi Ashram designed in 1962. He has successfully expressed his philosophy
combining with regional traditions.
There are many buildings in Gujarat that bear the signature of these four
genius, which could be witnessed from these living examples.